Do you need help ?
Physios are able to help with a wide range of ailments and physical problems. There are four main areas that they work on: musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, cardiovascular, respiratory. Musculoskeletal refers to the bones, joints and soft tissue in the body. Neuromuscular is the brain and the nervous system, cardiovascular is the heart and blood circulation, and respiratory refers to any part of the body which are used to help you to breathe, such as the windpipe and lungs. Some physio clinics in Toa Payoh are able to help in these areas:
• Mental health
• Intensive care
• Long-term conditions
• Orthopaedics and trauma
• Workplace health
• Elderly care
• Education and health care promotion
• Womens problems
Once the physiotherapist has seen the effects of repeated movements on your pain picture and tested the neurological status of your affected body part they will have a more detailed idea of which structures need more detailed examination to clarify the exact nature of the problem. It is time for the individual muscles, joints and ligaments to be stressed to assess their reaction and add to the understanding of what is going on. The physio may just feel and grip the area firmly first to get an idea of the state of the tissues. Are they very sensitive? Is there muscle spasm, thickened tissues, or pain?
During your physiotherapy session the therapist will often put you on your side and move your spine backwards and forwards as they feel the movement occurring between the individual spinal levels. After this you may be placed on your front as the physiotherapist palpates (prods and pokes) your spinal levels with varying degrees of force but often quite firmly to see if any particular level reacts by bringing on the pain you normally complain of. All the tests for pain in your neck, back, elbow, knee or ankles will help diagnose the issue.
What’s the right price to pay for a physiotherapists help in Toa Payoh?
"I've Busted my Knee..."
What have I done?...
Acute Knee injuries are one of the most common injuries that are experienced on the sporting field. There are many structures that can be damaged, including the ligaments (both collateral and cruciate), the meniscus and the patella. Normally the knee will be injured by forcibly twisting when the foot is kept planted. The amount of force required to cause injury sometimes does not have to be very large. Usually the knee will swell considerably, become very painful, and range of motion will become restricted.'Clicking', 'giving way' and 'locking' are common symptoms. To determine the exact area of damage, your Physiotherapist will perform a number of specific special tests on your knee. However, for an accurate diagnosis, the swelling and pain may have to subside somewhat first, as too many false positives (where everything hurts!) may occur early on. If severe, it may be appropriate to undergo an MRI scan to determine the exact cause of the injury and the most appropriate action. A referral by your doctor to an orthopaedic surgeon is necessary prior to having an MRI scan.
So what does my Diagnosis actually mean?
The Cruciates: Anterior & Posterior Cruciate Ligaments The basis for treatment depends mainly upon what structure has been damaged. If the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (or ACL) is torn, as many footballers and netballers suffer, then surgical reconstruction of the ligament will likely result in the best outcome. This to some extent depends on your goals for recovery, your age and how physically active you are now and intend on being in the future. The Posterior Cruciate Ligament (or PCL) is less of a concern as the quadriceps muscle is perfectly positioned to compensate for any injury to the PCL. Rarely is surgery required and with 6 weeks of progressive rehabilitation, an athlete can expect to be back to near full fitness. The Meniscus Meniscal Injuries involving the cartilage discs within your knee are the most common injury and their treatment depends on how severe the injury is. If not severe, then there is a good chance that your symptoms will respond to conservative management under the guidance of your Physiotherapist. Strengthening and dynamic control work is essential.
What Do I Need to Do?
STAGE 1: ACUTE MANAGEMENT (1- 3 DAYS)
Rest: Try not to take too much weight through the knee initially. For severe cases, crutches may be required.
Ice: Early & Often for 24 hours; 15-20 minutes every 2-4 hours. Compression: Bandage or taping to control swelling for 48 hours.
Elevation: Above waist height to assist in oedema control. Seek treatment. Correct diagnosis and EARLY management will often be the difference between an optimum and a poor recovery. Avoid alcohol, heat or heavy massage.
STAGE 2: SUB-ACUTE MANAGEMENT (3-14 DAYS)
Where range of motion begins to return, strength training begins and walking becomes easier. Progress off crutches as advised by your Physiotherapist. This stage will see the Physiotherapist use their manual therapy skills, with a primary goal to return Range of Motion. The Physiotherapist will prescribe exercises aimed at maintaining the strength of your muscles in different areas - and if appropriate, begin strength training about the knee.
STAGE 3: RETURN TO FUNCTION (14 DAYS - 21 DAYS)
Range of motion is restored, strength training progresses, walking returns to normal. The patient now becomes more of a driver of the treatment, with a strong emphasis on exercise rehabilitation to ensure optimal return to function. However, it will be important to ensure that the rehabilitation program is closely monitored, so as not to aggravate the knee. At this stage, it is also important to ensure that muscle balance of the lower limb is maintained to ensure that secondary complications are avoided.
STAGE 4: RETURN TO SPORT (3-6 WEEKS)
A return to sport will be partly dictated by the extent and nature of the injury. Your knee will be required to pass certain 'fitness' tests, much the same as what footballers do, before being allowed to resume training. Your Physiotherapist will guide you through this process and specify when and what you can do at training. Returning before your knee is capable of withstanding the demands of sport can be disastrous.
A Final Word...
Remember, each individual is different. Almost all patients will progress at different paces, and will have different end goals, meaning that rehabilitation programmes will differ substantially between individuals. Each stage will have certain goals that your Physiotherapist will look for you to achieve before moving onto the next stage. Working together with your Physiotherapist, you will achieve the best outcome for your injury. If you have any queries about the rehabilitation programme that you are given, please discuss this with your treating Physiotherapist.
Being an exhilarating and awe-inspiring field doesn't make sports an invincible world. One common downside of playing sports is the high susceptibility of the players to injuries. Being limited by injuries is not something any sports enthusiast would wish for.
This scenario can be prevented in its entirety if you are careful about the training rules and adhere to appropriate precautionary measures. Granted injuries are an inevitable part of sports but inserting some efficient avoidance tactics while you play can diminish your injury prone state considerably.
Sports injuries are generally caused due to overuse or trauma. Of the two causes, overuse is the most common injury reported in athletes.
Here are 10 expert tips to help avoid the common sports injuries you see routinely.
Tip #1 Give due importance to physical conditioning
While professional athletes know the significance of physical conditioning, kids and adults who play sports of any kind casually plunge into the play without any adequate training. Contrary to popular opinion, a sport doesn't make you fit. You need to have proper training and fitness to play without succumbing to injuries. While sports physiotherapists help treat mild to moderate injuries, for severe injuries, you may need surgical and prolonged rehabilitation treatment.
Tip #2 Rules are there for a reason
Rules help to enforce safety and prevent mishaps. Following rules is the first line of defence you put up against injuries. When you abide by the rules, you will not have to contend with injuries that may keep you off the game temporarily or perpetually. With innovative and target sports massage and other physiotherapy treatments, it is now possible to recover from injuries more quickly.
Tip #3 Get your technique right
When you practice incorrect techniques, you are more likely to be injured. Injuries during resistance training are the common examples.
Tamping down the overzealous manoeuvres and concentrating on the precise technique is the way to be free of injury and improve your performance.
Tip #4 Insure yourself with the right sports gear
Helmets, gloves, mouth guards, protective pads, and other sports equipment are available for every sports player. Sports gears are designed to provide excellent safety. Make sure you wear gear that is specified for the particular sport you are involved in.
Tip #5 See a sports therapist
Professional sports physiotherapists are highly recommended as they can
• Help with proactive sports massage and injury therapy that is essential for restoring your body to the original pre-training condition
• Give valuable information on assessing, diagnosing, and treating various physical issues before the injury occurs
In addition to the above tips, keeping your body hydrated and taking the necessary proteins will help maintain your health and limit the occurrence of muscle cramps. The indomitable nature of a good diet which complements your workout regimen the desired manner should never be overlooked. Also, incorporating a consistent stretching and strength training routine will help in making the body accustomed to the exacting training sessions. All the very best with your endeavours!