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Physios are able to help with a wide range of ailments and physical problems. There are four main areas that they work on: musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, cardiovascular, respiratory. Musculoskeletal refers to the bones, joints and soft tissue in the body. Neuromuscular is the brain and the nervous system, cardiovascular is the heart and blood circulation, and respiratory refers to any part of the body which are used to help you to breathe, such as the windpipe and lungs. Some physio clinics in Upper Bukit Timah are able to help in these areas:
• Mental health
• Intensive care
• Long-term conditions
• Orthopaedics and trauma
• Workplace health
• Elderly care
• Education and health care promotion
• Womens problems
Once the physiotherapist has seen the effects of repeated movements on your pain picture and tested the neurological status of your affected body part they will have a more detailed idea of which structures need more detailed examination to clarify the exact nature of the problem. It is time for the individual muscles, joints and ligaments to be stressed to assess their reaction and add to the understanding of what is going on. The physio may just feel and grip the area firmly first to get an idea of the state of the tissues. Are they very sensitive? Is there muscle spasm, thickened tissues, or pain?
During your physiotherapy session the therapist will often put you on your side and move your spine backwards and forwards as they feel the movement occurring between the individual spinal levels. After this you may be placed on your front as the physiotherapist palpates (prods and pokes) your spinal levels with varying degrees of force but often quite firmly to see if any particular level reacts by bringing on the pain you normally complain of. All the tests for pain in your neck, back, elbow, knee or ankles will help diagnose the issue.
What’s the right price to pay for a physiotherapists help in Upper Bukit Timah?Golfer's elbow, more technically called medial epicondylitis, is a similar type of condition to tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis, but is less common. Since there is little or no inflammation present in these syndromes, they are known as tendinopathies, where degeneration of the tendon occurs and gives symptoms. Typical aggravating factors are racquet sports, golf and sports which involve throwing, although other sports people may be affected such as weight lifters, archers and cricket bowlers. The muscles which flex and rotate the forearm originate over the medial epicondyle, the bony prominence on the inside of the elbow, with the tendon anchored into the bone by the tendinous insertion. The pain occurs close to this and may be due to a degenerative process occurring in the tendon, as little inflammation has been noted in these cases. High stresses occur in the cocking phase of a throw and during the subsequent acceleration, and in the golf swing from high backswing down to near the ball strike. Golfers are more likely to have their dominant hand affected and tennis players who use heavy topspin in their forehands are also more at risk. Golfer's elbow is not as common as tennis elbow but is the commonest cause of medial elbow pain with about half as many women affected as men. The third to fifth decades of life are the commonest periods for pain onset and 60% of golfer's elbow occurs in the dominant hand. An acute onset of pain is reported in a third of patients, with the other two-thirds developing over a period of time. Patients complain of aching pain over the front of the inner epicondyle, worse with repeated wrist flexion and better with rest. Pain can occur in the shoulder, elbow, forearm or hand, with weakness in the lower arm and hand also. The physiotherapist will examine the bony areas and joints of the elbow, check the muscles and their tendinous insertions. The physio palpates the ulnar nerve in the groove behind the elbow, called the "funny bone" when it's hit. The nerve can give pins and needles or weakness in the forearm and a neurological examination excludes other causes of pain or weakness. The main treatment of golfer's elbow is conservative, including anti-inflammatories, wrist and forearm splinting, corticosteroid injection and physiotherapy. Modifying the provoking activity is a first line of management, making patient education about the condition and the eliciting factors vital. An example is modifying the golf swing mechanics to avoid setting the problem off continually. The patient is taught to avoid aggravating positions and activities, such as leaning on the elbow if there is nerve involvement. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used in the initial acute phase to reduce pain and inflammation along with avoiding painful movements, use of ice, gentle stretches, friction massage and ultrasound. As the problem settles and becomes sub acute the aims change to improving flexibility by stretching, increasing strength and normal activities. A forearm brace may also be used or a wrist brace to rest the wrist muscles. Once the problem is chronic the programme continues with reduced use of the splint and re-introduction of sporting activities. Scientific work shows that steroid injections can be useful in the early stages of golfer's elbow to reduce pain and the time to recovery, but they are also used in chronic situations. There is no evidence that shockwave or laser therapy has any effectiveness and surgery is contemplated when a significant period of physiotherapy has been attempted without success. The surgeon removes the abnormal tendinous tissue and if the ulnar nerve is involved may move it around to the front of the elbow from its posterior groove. Correction of sporting technique, such as the golf swing, is best achieved by engaging a professional instructor who can also advise on stretches, fitness work and muscle strengthening. Athletes should warm up well before sport and stretch effectively afterwards, choosing good technique and selection of appropriate equipment. Doctors and therapists may need to monitor patients, especially athletes, very carefully as they tend to continue to perform through the pain.
5 Expert Tips for Avoiding Common Sports Injuries (and the Physiotherapist!)Ankle sprains are on of the most common injuries that occur everyday. In addition there are an alarming amount of individuals who suffer pain in their ankle or have foot problems and have no idea what to do about it or who simply avoid facing the problem. If you have an ankle sprain or ankle injury it is important to act now and seek treatment in order to ensure that no long-term damage is done. In this article you will find out how your physiotherapist can help you heal from an ankle sprain or ankle injury. A sprained ankle means pain and swelling of the ankle joint, which has been caused by the ligaments of the ankle to be torn when an individual has rolled over on their ankle. It is vital that you undergo physiotherapy treatment once you are able to apply pressure, to help you recover from an ankle sprain as quickly as possible. Ankle sprains are common sport injuries, however also happen during everyday activities. An unnatural twisting motion occurs when the foot is placed awkwardly or when the ground is uneven and an unusual and unsuspected amount of pressure is applied to the joint. It can affect any one of the three bones that make up the ankle joint: the tibia, fibula or talus. In addition ankle sprains affect the ligaments that provide connection to the bones and tendons, which connect muscles to the bones. As you can see it is vital that once you are able to apply some slight pressure to your ankle, then your physiotherapist can help you treat the repair of your whole ankle. Depending on your injury, your physiotherapist will engage in hands-on physiotherapy, exercise rehabilitation and hydrotherapy services to treat your sprain or injury. As part of this process, a good physiotherapist will usually undertake the following services during the course of treatment:
- A thorough history taking and examination
- Explanation of your condition
- Goal setting discussion
- A management plan including; education, exercise prescription and postural education (when relevant)
- A hands-on approach to treatment using a variety of techniques including; massage, joint mobilisation and stretches.
- Advising what footwear you should choose. Poor footwear selection is a major factor in developing problems involving the foot and ankle and contributes to an ankle injury. Shoes also need to be correctly fitted to give the necessary support and adequate cushioning. They will need to suit the foot type (eg. narrow or broad), and comfort should not be sacrificed purely for fashion reasons. In addition, getting the right orthotics (inserts which are placed in your shoe to help correct and support arch problems) is vital. Your physiotherapist can supply you with orthotics and a good orthotic in the aftermath of an ankle injury can provide excellent support.
- Discussing overuse of the ankle, in particular conversations around proper stretching, exercise routines and footwear will help you avoid further ankle sprains and an ankle injury.
- Making sure you understand foot mechanics. Poor foot mechanics involves stiffening of the foot and ankle, which results in poor movement and may involve a lax joint and an excessive or collapsed arch. Having poor foot mechanics can increase your chance of foot and ankle pain and injury. One of the ways to overcome this is through stretching exercises designed by your physiotherapist.
- Your physiotherapist can also identify tendon problems, treat plantar fasciitis and assist you in avoiding arthritis in the ankle and foot.