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Physios are able to help with a wide range of ailments and physical problems. There are four main areas that they work on: musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, cardiovascular, respiratory. Musculoskeletal refers to the bones, joints and soft tissue in the body. Neuromuscular is the brain and the nervous system, cardiovascular is the heart and blood circulation, and respiratory refers to any part of the body which are used to help you to breathe, such as the windpipe and lungs. Some physio clinics in West Coast are able to help in these areas:
• Mental health
• Intensive care
• Long-term conditions
• Orthopaedics and trauma
• Workplace health
• Elderly care
• Education and health care promotion
• Womens problems
Once the physiotherapist has seen the effects of repeated movements on your pain picture and tested the neurological status of your affected body part they will have a more detailed idea of which structures need more detailed examination to clarify the exact nature of the problem. It is time for the individual muscles, joints and ligaments to be stressed to assess their reaction and add to the understanding of what is going on. The physio may just feel and grip the area firmly first to get an idea of the state of the tissues. Are they very sensitive? Is there muscle spasm, thickened tissues, or pain?
During your physiotherapy session the therapist will often put you on your side and move your spine backwards and forwards as they feel the movement occurring between the individual spinal levels. After this you may be placed on your front as the physiotherapist palpates (prods and pokes) your spinal levels with varying degrees of force but often quite firmly to see if any particular level reacts by bringing on the pain you normally complain of. All the tests for pain in your neck, back, elbow, knee or ankles will help diagnose the issue.
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Cervical spine pain and disability is one of the commonest problems for which people consult a physiotherapist. The first part of the examination is to find out the cause of onset of the pain and how it has behaved since then. The cause of the pain is clear in about half of all cases but the rest can give no good idea why the pain came on. Where the pain is and how it behaves gives indications to the physio about where the underlying pathology might be found and what treatment approach might be
The first investigation of the physiotherapist will be into the location and kind of pain. It is vital to understand if the pain is specific to one spot or whether it also affects other parts of the body. For example, if the pain is intense and specific the physiotherapist would surmise that the cause may be poor posture or a kind of degenerative problem; on the other hand, a referred pain may suggest a pinched nerve or a problem elsewhere.
Because neck pain could be an indicator of various pathologies the physio will ask all the special questions such as general health, past medical history, weight loss, bladder and bowel control, quality of appetite and sleep and medication usage. The objective examination begins by getting the patient to take their upper body clothes off and looking at the posture of the trunk, neck, shoulders and arms. A humped thoracic spine with rounded shoulders and a poking chin are a common postural abnormality which can lead to pain.
Cervical ranges of movement are tested to elicit important information about what is going on in the neck. The response to movement testing will help the physio understand the kind of neck pain problem and how to start treating it. Cervical rotation, flexion, extension, side flexion and retraction are all assessed to try to pinpoint the problem. Muscle strength, sensation and reflexes are tested to ascertain that the nerve conduction to the arms is working well.
Manual therapists such as physiotherapists learn mobilization techniques and to assess the spinal joints manual palpation of the cervical spine is used. Using their thumbs or the heel of the hand, the physio presses down on the spinal processes or side joints of the cervical spine. This allows some specific conclusions to be drawn when the pain symptoms come on at one particular spinal level and not another. Treatment will be aimed at these levels.
Mobilization techniques are a core manual skill for physiotherapists and abnormal joint mechanics, known as dysfunctions, can be identified by palpation of the main spinal and facet joints by the physio. Treatment can use repetitive small movements to relieve pain an encourage normal motion, to more forceful manipulations which take the joints beyond their typical ranges and restore movement. Any increases in movement gained by treatment is maintained by home exercises.
Typical physio treatments are exercise programmes, nerve mobilizing techniques, correction of poor posture, pacing technique, trunk segmental mobilization and strengthening of the deep flexor muscles of the cervical spine. Nerve root compression of a cervical nerve root can cause severe arm pain, loss of sleep and distress from a cervical slipped disc. Cervical traction can decrease the pressure on the affected segment and reduce pain enough to allow recovery to start, either by physio treatment or autotraction from a home traction kit.
Before the world cup soccer started Wayne Rooney had injured his leg and had to race against time to be fit to play crucial world cup games for his country. Sports injury is something that has become part and parcel of a sportsman's life. With the amount of sports that is being played and due to its increasing competitiveness, athletes have also slowly started accepting the fact that sports injury is something that is inevitable. Sports injury rehabilitation must be undertaken by a sportsperson in the proper way to be free from any kind of injury. Rehabilitation is also a must not only to help a person to be able to play, but also to do his daily work properly.
A person can injure different body parts due to playing sports regularly. Almost all major sportsperson in the world these days have their own personal trainer and physiotherapist to help them deal with sports injury and sports injury rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is the process of restoring a person to his original agility in using various body parts to participate in sports and also to conduct his day to day activities on a regular basis. Accidents and injuries of any kind freaky or otherwise must be attended to in time or the condition can get out of hand.
To heal any kind of physical injury you need undertake rehabilitation. Physical training and exercise are a vital part of any kind of sports injury rehabilitation. The treatment process of any injury requires consists of many factors. Medicine, surgery and other treatment process can be undertaken for treating any physical injury. Always make sure that the physical injury therapist from whom you are seeking treatment for any injury is professionally qualified.
Different injury needs different types of treatment procedure. No two physical injuries can be healed in the same way. Suppose you are suffering from a physical injury in the elbow, the therapist will examine your elbow and then determine treatment methods accordingly. Sports injury rehabilitation exercises for elbow injury will contain lots of exercises that will concentrate purely on helping you move and work your elbow properly.
Sports injury can happen to any athlete at any time. If you are an athlete who is constantly involved in playing you must make sure that you always have a first aid kit containing everything at your disposal. Administering proper first aid to any injury victim can go a long way in helping out that person to be free of a complicated health condition in future. Nonetheless make sure that you do not move or touch the injured person improperly if you are not sure how to handle an injury. Call the doctor immediately as he is the best person to help you out of such a situation.
The sports injury rehabilitation phase is very crucial for the successful treatment of any physical injury. In fact this is the most crucial phase of the entire treatment procedure. The improper rehabilitation procedure can lead to a condition where the injured person can end up encountering additional health problems. Properly follow the entire exercise and diet plan mapped out by your physio. The diet and exercise regime is made by your therapist keeping in mind your body type and the kind of injury you are suffering form. So it becomes all the more important to religiously follow whatever the therapist prescribes for you.